The history of the field of microbiology may not be as long as other scientific areas.
Let's face it - the first time that bacteria were seen was only about 300 years ago, when Antonie van Leewenhoek first saw what he described as 'wee animalcules."
The editors of the Journal of Bacteriology, a journal in the field of microbiology that publishes solid (although maybe not the sexiest) research, took a walk down memory lane during the year 2016 and highlighted the top 100 historical papers from the century in their "Classic Spotlight" series.
The series selected about 120 landmark papers and published summaries in almost every issue of the journal for the duration of 2016. All of the summaries are free and available online.
The editors (who are all well-known microbiologists themselves) were motivated in several ways to take on this project. The first was to illustrate the important role that the journal, Journal of Bacteriology, has had in defining microbiology as a field. They also considered that this collection of historic papers could serve as a useful teaching tool, or simply an interesting resource for anyone interested in the history of microbiology.
The editors also make a point of noticing that the most influential papers were not the most cited, or most popular. They are, instead, evergreens that had a major impact on the field or describe breakthroughs in the field that shifted paradigms, even the full impact of the discovery was not known at the time of publication.
In all cases, however, these classic papers describe research that changed the way we understand and conduct microbiology. Their “historical impact factor” can be seen in the fact that these papers continue to be cited, in many cases, decades after their initial appearance.
A sampling of some of my favorites are below, although the entire classic spotlight collection can be found here.
Armitage JP, Becker A, Christie PJ, de Boer PAJ, DiRita VJ, Gourse RL, Henkin TM, Margolin W, Metcalf WW, Mullineaux CW, O'Toole GA, Parkinson JS, Schneewind O, Silhavy TJ, Stock AM, Zhulin IB. 2017. Classic Spotlights: selected highlights from the first 100 years of the Journal of Bacteriology. J Bacteriol 199:e00062-17. https://doi.org/10.1128/JB.00062-17.