Setting the scene
In 1960 Clyde Shields, a mechanic at Boeing was told he had renal failure – a death sentence. But Dr. Belding Scribner started him on an experimental technique, dialysis, which extended Clyde’s life for another eleven years and made him patient zero in a revolution in health care.
By 1962, the first dialysis center had opened in Seattle and the care of patients with what we now call end-stage renal disease (ESRD) evolved. It was expensive, and so in 1972 the first legislative experiment with “socialized medicine” care provided care for all patients with ESRD through Medicare.