food and nutrition

Yes
by Laurie Leiber

For nearly two decades, two U.S. Surgeon Generals C. Everett Koop and Antonia Novello and numerous public health organizations including the American Academy of Pediatrics, the National Parent Teachers Association, the American Medical Association, and Mothers Against Drunk Driving have called upon manufacturers of alcoholic beverages to advertise more responsibly. National polls show that Americans increasingly favor either restricting or banning broadcast alcohol advertising.

But despite this widespread support for advertising reform, the alcohol industry using its considerable political clout and such preemptive PR strategies as public-service campaigns and voluntary advertising codes has averted...

Many people become vegetarians because they believe, in error, that vegetarianism is uniquely conducive to good health. The findings of several large epidemiologic studies indeed suggest that the death and chronic-disease rates of vegetarians primarily vegetarians who consume dairy products or both dairy products and eggs are lower than those of meat eaters. But this does not mean that maintaining or improving health requires abstention from eating meat.

Some vegetarian diets provide less fat, less saturated fat, and fewer calories than typical nonvegetarian diets and have a higher content of fruits, vegetables, and whole-grain products. They thus conform more closely to official dietary guidelines. Eliminating meat from the diet can facilitate decreasing saturated-fat...

According to one account, the phoenix a legendary bird in Chinese and other mythologies died in flames, then rose from its own ashes to live again. Something similar has happened with acupuncture: Mao Zedong "restored" it as "New Acupuncture." Then New Acu-puncture based on fanciful prescientific theories and widely promoted in the United States as something of a cure-all inspired the development of a science-based mode of acupuncture that New Age opportunists largely ignore: neuro-electric acupuncture.

Acupuncture has hundreds of forms and variations. Nearly all forms lack a scientific basis. Many undiscriminating proponents of acupuncture use science as window dressing, while their true allegiance is to mysticism and superstitious quackery. But also misguided are those...

This is a letter to my next "self," and maybe to multiple "selves." I've assumed that I'll be cloned eventually, that my clone will be cloned, and so on. Because such iterations are like a scientific variation of reincarnation, it's only proper that I try to pass on the accumulated knowledge of a lifetime. It would be nice if you future Todds have some idea of what the first one learned, to give you a head start (you won't, needless to say, share my memories or live in an environment identical to mine). In particular, you deserve insight about the narrow-minded political forces that sought to prevent your very existence forces that may plague you in your own time.

Not that there was ever any way they could stop cloning, short of bombing every laboratory on the planet.

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Scientists from the American Council on Science and Health today reaffirmed that the continued use of chlorine disinfection of the nation's water supply is necessary to protect the public from potential life- threatening diseases. "Once again, we are seeing a questionable use of rodent data being used to suggest a health threat and the American public is being exposed to needless anxiety about a safe and essential technology", declared ACSH president Dr. Elizabeth M. Whelan.

According to a Finnish study published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, a byproduct of chlorination known as MX has been linked to increased rates of thyroid tumors in rats. However, the researchers had used a level of MX far higher than what was present in the typical water system treated...

Physicians and scientists at the American Council on Science and Health (ACSH) reported today that colorectal cancer (CRC), the leading cause of cancer in nonsmokers, may be up to 80 percent preventable through screening and alteration of lifestyle factors.

Colorectal cancer is second only to lung cancer as a cause of death from cancer. Without preventive action, about one in every 17 Americans will be diagnosed with CRC,

Scientists from the American Council on Science and Health today criticized a full-page newspaper ad in which a major pharmaceutical firm decreed that some laxatives may cause cancer

In this report we will look at some common myths about colorectal cancer (CRC); describe findings from the past decade of research that have countered those myths; and comment on what the future may hold.

In 1997 approximately 131,000 Americans will be diagnosed with colorectal cancer, and about 55,000 Americans will die from the disease. In the United States CRC is second only to lung cancer as a cause of death from cancer; it is the most common cause of cancer death among nonsmokers. People in the U.S. have an approximately 6 percent lifetime probability of developing CRC, which means that without preventive action about one in every 17 Americans will be diagnosed with CRC.

Because up to 80 percent of invasive CRC may be preventable by screening and by altering...

No matter what the outcome, 1997 will be remembered as a year of unprecedented crisis for the cigarette industry in the United States. The Chinese word for "crisis" consists of two characters: one meaning "danger"; the other, "opportunity." Toward which of these opposites will the current crisis propel the cigarette industry? The answer will have a major impact on the public health of this nation in the 21st century.

The present danger for the industry, at least as perceived by the public, is the dual threat of...

A leading public-health scientist today advised state attorneys general against signing a pending deal with the tobacco industry a deal that would give the industry immunity from individual or class-action lawsuits. Dr. Elizabeth Whelan, president of the American Council on Science and Health, stated in a letter to the attorneys general, "Such a settlement would be contrary to the interests of public health and will mean that you will forever be known as having sold out to the tobacco industry."

The attorneys general of the 29 states that have sued the tobacco companies for Medicare expenses are considering a "global settlement": one that would grant cigarette companies total immunity from individual and class-action law suits in return for payments into a fund. According to a...