Repetitive head injuries are par for the course for football players. And, more head injuries (with or without concussions) are associated with more long-term neurological damage.
What remains murky is how much is too much? Do factors such as the number of years played or the age when the athlete first started playing have long-term effects?
A new study from the Boston University School of Medicine (the leaders in this field of research) entitled "Age of first exposure to American football and long-term neuropsychiatric and cognitive outcomes" and published in Translational Psychiatry, suggest that when children start playing football, or their age of first exposure (AFE), is an important factor in long-term neurological health.
More specifically, the researchers ...