oncology

The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recently released a 2017 draft recommendation statement on screening for prostate cancer which is based on systematic evidence review and assessment— updated from their prior 2012 version. As indicated by the authors’ viewpoint published in JAMA, the goal of this release is to raise awareness of newly acquired data on the topic while inviting review and commentary before the report is officially finalized. (1)

Because there was concern that universal PSA (aka prostate-specific antigen, a blood test) population screening often...

I hope you enjoyed Part I of the "Brain Tumors: Fact vs. Fiction" series.  

Welcome to the concluding piece where I continue to enlist Dr. Gregory Riggins, Professor of Neurosurgery and Oncology and Director of the Brain Cancer Biology and Therapy Research Laboratory at Johns Hopkins, to help clarify myth from reality:

 

Why is location so critical to a patient's success?  

Dr. Riggins:  Location is critical and the location – along with the neurosurgeon’s skill - dictates how much can be removed, and whether removal will on average...

Beau Biden, son of Vice President Joe Biden, died from brain cancer.  As did Senator Edward “Ted” Kennedy.  Brittany Maynard - suffering from a terminal type - became widely known for fighting for her right-to-die.  

Aside from the occasional high profile cases and Hollywood movies, brain tumors rarely make center stage.  And, when they do, it tends to be the most ominous story that gets told.  

Fortunately, there is variability in diagnoses and early discovery can better your chances with certain forms.  Benign (aka not cancerous) masses are common.  As I have previously emphasized, however, location is crucial to many disease states.  When it comes to the brain and tumors, prime real estate exerts tremendous influence on operability, survival, and impairments.  So does...

chemotherapy

Man s best friend has long been admired for their remarkable sense of smell. From Sherlock Holmes to the TSA, the canine olfactory system has been directed by humans to detect a long list of items, including bodies, bed bugs and bombs. Now researchers in Europe want to add another item: Cancer.

A study published in this month s Journal of Urology outlines a better than 90% effectiveness of dogs at detecting prostate cancer by sniffing a patient s urine. The researchers, based in Italy, trained two 3-year-old female...

chemotherapyIn 2015, an estimated 21,000 American women will be diagnosed with ovarian cancer and over 14,000 women will die from the disease. Ovarian cancer ranks fifth in cancer deaths among women, mainly because symptoms often go unnoticed in the early stages of the disease, and therefore most women are not diagnosed until the advanced stages when treatment is less effective and chances of survival are low.

An experimental cancer vaccine known as Vigil (formerly known as FANG) may slow advanced ovarian cancer, according to a new preliminary study. The results of the study were presented this past Saturday at the Society of Gynecologic...

1314902_99313658Just as women under the age of 50 are excessively screened for breast cancer using mammograms, frivolous prostate specific antigen (PSA) screening for men 75 or older goes against the grain, despite clinical guidelines suggesting otherwise.

Recent findings, published in JAMA, show 41 percent of about 61,000 men 75 or older routinely received PSA screening, with nearly 30 percent of the screenings ordered by their primary care physicians. In fact...