Nutrition and Lifestyle

For the extremely obese (i.e., those with a BMI over 40), the most effective means of losing weight and keeping it off is bariatric surgery — as we have discussed in the past. Although some research has indicated that the effects of such surgery can be long-lasting, much of these data derive from studies in which various types of bariatric surgery are used. A recent study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, restricted its focus to people who had received the Roux-en-Y procedure (also referred to as  Roux-en Y gastric bypass or RYGB).

This type of bariatric surgery...

At a country club somewhere in Greenwich, Connecticut...

Father: "Junior, I'm so proud of you. Between your 3.95 GPA from Princeton and clerking for two different Supreme Court Justices, the world of law is yours for the taking. I've been thinking about schools. It simply has to be either Yale or Harvard.

Between my legacy preference at Yale and shanking just enough tee shots so that the damn dean can beat me by a stroke or two most days, you're a shoo-in there. And do you remember our senior partner Chester? The guy with the 26-year old wife who gave your sister the powder blue Mercedes for her coming out?

Well, as it turns out, the old boy sails in the America's Cup with the president of Harvard, who owes me big time for getting his alky...

As if Texas didn't have enough to deal with after hurricane Harvey, there's now a problem that is, at least, preventable - brucellosis from drinking raw milk. The CDC said that raw milk from the K-Bar Dairy in Paradise, TX, has tested positive "for a rare but potentially serious bacteria known as Brucella RB51."

According to the Mayo Clinic, brucellosis is typically passed from animals to humans. Its symptoms can include fatigue, fever, cardiomyopathy, and joint pain that can become chronic. Even when treated with antibiotics, it can take months for the symptoms to disappear. From the CDC:...

Yes, it's well-known that you can't make a horse drink if he or she doesn't want to, and apparently you can't get a man to stop taking a dangerous supplement — say one that produces cyanide when ingested — even when you tell him that it does so. It's kind of hard to believe, but that's what was reported in BMJ Case Reports.

The Australian man, 67 years old (surely old enough to know better) visited a hospital for a routine procedure — a cystoscopy — requiring general anesthesia. While he...

We’ve written about the importance of physical activity in maintaining health (for example here) at various times in the past. Most of the studies of activity have relied on people’s own reporting of what types of activity they typically perform, and conversely how much time they spend being inactive (TV watching, or computer working, for example). A new study just published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, however, takes much of the guesswork out of such research because the participants wore accelerometers. These devices tabulated activity counts over 1-minute periods, thus...

Pumpkin season is here, but it's more than just a fad. There's a bit of science behind why we're so obsessed with pumpkin spice everything!

If you've ever taken a cooking class or, better yet, just cooked chicken once in your life, you would know that it should never be undercooked. When it comes to cooking chicken, one should always abide by this motto:

If it flies, it dies.

When I first heard of the raw chicken trend back in July, I targeted the paleo dieters who are urging others to jump on the bandwagon. I thought maybe the fad would sizzle as quickly as it became one, but I was wrong. A simple internet search reveals hundreds of results that offer chicken tartare recipes, and many cook-at-your-own-risk anecdotes. What's worse, restaurants in the U.S. (and Japan) are offering...

As far back as middle school or even grade school, it was relatively easy to determine which students would grow up to make something of themselves and which would not. A person from my 4th grade class who we all knew was trouble was recently sentenced to nine years in jail for stealing a state vehicle. It's doubtful that anybody is surprised.

Though there clearly are exceptions, the general rule is that good, well behaved students have a better chance at success than bad, poorly behaved students. But success isn't the only thing that matters. Health does, too, and new data on high school students from the CDC shows a consistent link between a student's grades and healthy or unhealthy behaviors.

Does Unhealthy Behavior Cause Bad Grades?

It's...

Way back in 2005, we wrote about a survey indicating that Americans' knowledge of some food-related matters was incomplete. A new survey conducted at Michigan State University in July 2017 indicates that little has changed. This survey included 1,059 respondents, aged 18 and up, and was weighted to make them reflective of the US population.

Here are some examples:

Question: How often do you think you consume genetically modified organisms — GMOs?

Only 19 percent of respondents said they thought they consumed them every day. In fact, it's likely that most of us consume some genetically-engineered foods every...

OK, sleep is important — we get that. None of us functions very well when seriously sleep-deprived. But other than that, what health implications might there be if we're not getting adequate zzzz's? Some studies have shown an association between sleep deprivation and consumption of snack foods, as we described here, the implication being that sleepiness is a risk factor for obesity. A recent study further investigated this supposed connection.

Writing in PLOS One, Dr. Gregory D. M. Potter and colleagues analyzed data from the British National Diet and Nutrition Survey to assess the...