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Organic food companies, environmental groups and fame-seeking celebrities have been attempting to undermine the American public’s confidence in science by using a clever technique – telling people to fear what they cannot pronounce.

This publication breaks down how benign terminology is being manipulated in such a way as to create fear and panic about common household products and ingredients. Groups promoting "chemophobia" literally seek to use the language of science against science, to scare donors into giving them money, and to promote a dishonest agenda.

This book instead provides you with a way to separate science fact from environmental fiction.

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This report was prepared by Agnes Heinz, Ph.D., a former Director of Nutrition and Biochemistry with the American Council on Science and Health.

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Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by substantial bone loss. When the extent of bone loss reaches a critical point fractures may occur as a result of very minor stress. Osteoporosis affects the entire skeleton, but fractures occur most notably in the vertebrae, hips and wrists.The bones become so weak that normal workloads overcome their capacity. A simple fall can result in a broken hip. Spinal vertebrae can collapse and in extreme cases cause a "dowager's hump."

Gradual weakening or thinning out of bones occurs normally with age. The longer we live, the...

Historians may record that it was the confluence in time and space of two events the unprecedented success of the "Old Joe" Camel ads and the anticipated U.S. Supreme Court ruling against tobacco companies which triggered the beginning of the end for cigarette advertising in America.

* At a December, 1991 press conference in New York, Dr. George D. Lundberg, editor of The Journal of the American Medical Association, announced that there was now solid scientific evidence that children recognized "Old Joe" as readily as they did Mickey Mouse. Indeed the evidence of cigarette awareness among young kids is so startling that the geniuses behind this campaign should step forward and take a bow. They have indeed succeeded in their mission; by cleverly linking smoking and...

That is the concensus of leading physicians, toxicologists and epidemiologists who met in New York on Wednesday to discuss the issue of food safety and pesticide use. In an unusual action, a panel of scientists, joined by 65 of their colleagues, signed a full-page advertisement that appeared Wednesday in major national newspapers, denouncing the recent pesticide scare.

The group of scientists, including Dr. Stephen S. Sternberg of the SloanKettering Institute for Cancer research and Dr. John Higginson, founding director of the International Agency for Research on Cancer, was convened by the American Council on Science and Health, a national consumer education organization of scientists and physicians. The panel's message, intended to calm public fear about food safety, was the...

September 1st marks the beginning of National Preparedness Month, and the American Council on Science and Health (ACSH) is working to educate the public about how to prepare for the potential health hazards associated with a possible terrorist attack.

Throughout September, ACSH will have experts available for interviews on terrorism preparedness, including fear of terrorism and other topics discussed in our consumer-friendly, peer-reviewed publications: A Citizen's Guide to Terrorism Preparedness and Response," Anthrax: What...

It must come as no small surprise that tobacco, whose current worldwide use as a smoking material kills some three million people every year, "may in time become one of the world's principal sources of protein for human consumption and livestock feed." So stated no less an authority than the World Health Organization's Farm and Agriculture Organization in 1981. Nevertheless, tobacco as a protein source has received so little publicity over the years that most of us are still largely unaware of it's potential to feed a hungry world.

Protein From Tobacco

Among the protein extracts that were prepared from a variety of green plants and forage crops, those originating from the leaves of the tobacco plant, Nicotiana tabacum, according to Wildman, a...

Half a century ago, Orson Welles panicked his radio audience by reporting that Martians had invaded New Jersey on the fictional program War of the Worlds. On December 23, 1990, CBS-TV's 60 Minutes achieved a similar effect by announcing that toxins have invaded the American mouth. There was, however, a big difference. Welles' broadcast was intended to be entertaining. The 60 Minutes broadcast, narrated by veteran reporter Morley Safer, was intended to alarm to persuade its audience that the mercury in dental fillings is poison. It was one of the most irresponsible reports on a health topic ever broadcast on network television.

Mercury is a component of the amalgam used for "silver" fillings which also contain silver, tin, copper, and zinc. When mixed, these...

I came of age in the 'sixties and early seventies,' when purchasing "organic foods" was the thing to do among middle class suburbanites enamored by the "back to the earth" movement. In those days, I inspected produce at health food stores with a religious fervor, somehow believing the worse an item looked and the more it cost the better it was for me.

Fortunately for my pocketbook, those days came and went pretty quickly. That's why at the Third National Conference on Organic and Sustainable Agriculture Policies, I was horrified to discover that a new generation of activists seems to have absorbed the same myths and acquired the same misplaced zeal about the benefits of things "organic." This time around, though, the ingenuous folks who are proclaiming the glory of...

You don't need a perfect stroke to get a lot out of swimming and feel good. The wonderful thing about swimming is that it offers enormous benefits to people regardless of their strength, abilities or disabilities. Second in popularity only to walking, look in any local pool and you'll see pregnant women, cardiac patients, physical fitness buffs, people with muscular dystrophy and streamlined senior citizens.

Buoyancy and Resistance

The equalizer that makes water such a friendly element to everyone is its buoyancy. As long as you relax in water, you stay afloat. For lower-extremity paraplegics, this means they can maintain an upright position just by doing the dog-paddle. Pregnant women enjoy taking a dip because the water's buoyancy helps them regain...

Every now and then someone says, "Calories do not count. Some foods are more fattening than others." This statement is not quite correct, calories do count. However, recent scientific evidence suggests that the calories from some foods are more fattening than from others. How can this be? Let's take a look at the calorie content of different foods, and how these calories are used in our body.

The major calorie-containing foods, protein, carbohydrates, and fats are oxidized (or burned) in our body to produce energy. Proteins and carbohydrates each contribute four calories per gram, and fat contributes nine calories per gram to our energy needs. Fat, therefore, provides about 2.25 times as many calories as does protein and carbohydrate. For this reason alone, fat in equal amounts...