Dr. Tu Youyou was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for her discovery of artemisinin, a very important anti-malarial drug. While this is being touted as a triumph of ancient Chinese medicine over modern western, it's nothing of the sort. Dr. Tu used the same methods that chemists have been using for many years.
While malaria deaths are in decline in sub-Saharan Africa, the problem remains huge,with 600,000 deaths, mainly toddlers. Fake and sub-standard drugs contribute to resistance, and diversion or theft is another problem making controlling the disease more difficult. Now the USAID is on the case.