Harm Reduction

A new report, incorporating data on 12 million individuals from nearly 120 studies, showed that engaging in vigorous exercise cut risk by as much as 17 percent. Meanwhile light – but steady – alcohol consumption increases the risk of developing breast cancer.
For smokers who want to quit, nicotine vaping devices are safer alternatives to cigarettes. The use of E-cigarettes has recently been approved, with some common-sense restrictions, in New Zealand.
Since winter is still not over in some U.S. regions – despite the official date of spring's arrival being just days away – let's address some basics to prevent hypothermia. 
The former administration's policies sent smoking cessation back to the 1990s, telling smokers to quit or die. We can do a whole lot better than that. Let's start by having the new administration wipe out a lot of suspect decisions made by the last one.
Beginning in May of this year, all cigarettes sold in the UK must be packaged to standards regulating material, size, shape, opening mechanism and more importantly with plain packaging. And by plain packaging, I mean a "mud-green box" stripped of all branding. Like this:          The tobacco companies argued that plain packaging was ineffectual. But as the Financial Times notes
Critics of e-cigarettes claim these products don't necessarily reduce a user's exposure to the carcinogenic or toxic chemicals found in cigarette smoke. However, new research shows that the product can, in fact, deliver benefits to "vapers" that are not available to smokers of tobacco.
A new study estimates that adding an MRI test - a short-term cost in increasingly stretched government health care budgets - would yield savings because 27 percent of men could avoid an unnecessary biopsy and also reduce over-diagnosis by 5 percent. An over-diagnosis is when a patient is diagnosed with a cancer that does not go on to cause any harm during their lifetime.
Doctor checking BP
When we check our blood pressure, we usually do it in one arm or the other. But there's a good reason to check the pressure in both arms. A large difference between arms may be a sign of increased cardiovascular disease – and even the threat of death.  
Smoking is bad. Bad for mom. Bad for the unborn and born baby alike. Now, a new study reinforces its adverse effect on the developing child, with a focus on the damage done to the kidneys. 
A debate is on over the benefits of taking aspirin for those without a history of prior cardiovascular disease. The current thinking advocates using low-dose aspirin, for primary prevention, in certain high risk groups: those with advanced age, diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and smoking. But not so, says a new study from Japan. 
The Food and Drug Administration told Swedish Match that its snus tobacco product will not receive a MRTP designation, as a Modified Risk Tobacco Product. Snus, a small packet of moist tobacco used orally, is popular in Sweden, which has a substantially lower rate of cigarette-related death and disability than other European Union nations.
A dangerous practice
It's been nearly one year since the Food and Drug Administration recommended that teens be prevented from using tanning beds, however the agency has yet to make its final ruling. But a new study estimating significant financial and life-saving benefits of such a ban will hopefully prompt the FDA to finally act.