The social determinants of health (SDOH) include your economic, family, and community stability, the neighborhood and built environment, your educational attainment, your access to healthcare, and its quality.

Before jumping in, here's a quick reminder: Prevalence is the number of individuals with a condition in some defined population, e.g., 2 out of 100, and is often expressed as a percentage, 2%.

The Wall Street Journal published a news article on January 5, “Why It Feels Like Everyone You Know Is Getting COVID-19,” which contained several worrisome observations.

“The world’s largest review on opioid medicines for cancer pain has found it is unclear whether some commonly used opioid medicines are better than a placebo and suggests that nonopioid medicines, including aspirin, may b

The study, reported in JAMA Internal Medicine, looked at a program designed for patients with Type II diabetes and hemoglobinA1c (HbA1c) levels of 8.0% or higher who self-reported “food insecurity.” HBA1c is a measure of long-term glucose control,

“Behavioral interventions such as mask-wearing, quarantine, restrictions on gatherings, physical distancing have been used to interrupt transmission of COVID-19 and to reduce the impacts of the pandemic.”

In a recent issue of JAMA, Dr. Anne R. Cappola, Director of the Penn Medical Communication Research Institute, takes a stab at providing strategies for better medical communication.


Infants and toddlers, as any parent or grandparent can attest, are vectors of disease. In the case of COVID, metaphorically, they may be more like enzymes, catalyzing infections for those around them but unaffected by the virus itself.

December is traditionally the biggest party month of the year, with Christmas and Hanukkah celebrations capped by New Year’s Eve.