Harm Reduction

With Caesarian sections rising many people question physician decision making. It's always easier to see the correct path after the fact, when you bear no responsibility. A new study looks at some of the concerns being considered in the decision-making process. Spoiler Alert: it is not about the money.
What's the most cost-effective way to reduce drinking? As with other sins, taxes are best. And education? It doesn't even make the list.
By and large high schools and colleges, and the organizations that govern them, haven't mandated that cooling tubs be readily available for athletes whose body temperatures climb dangerously high. Recent incidents have shown that teens who could have been saved by having access to ice baths instead die without them.
A dearth of truth in medical advertising is probably our greatest public health threat. With consumers bombarded by spurious claims, our agencies need to be proactive, not reactive in protecting the public.  
One study tells us we can predict a three-fold risk of cancer at birth. Yet, another states that we frighten patients when the term "cancer" is used for low-risk situations. Discussing uncertainty can be a risky business. 
Due to the endlessly creative ways we inadvertently harm ourselves, health officials felt compelled to step in to reduce unintentional injury.
The Bay State passed a bill that raises the legal age from 18 to purchase tobacco products and cigarettes. When the law takes effect on Dec. 31, Massachusetts will become the sixth state in the U.S. to raise the age restriction to 21, and the first to prohibit the sale of tobacco products from pharmacies that offer health services.
Greater patient volumes result in more experience and better outcomes. But for rural and underserved areas, there may not be enough volume to maintain a clinically-safe practice. The trade-off of access and outcome is at the heart of a discussion of TAVR, or Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement, a replacement for open surgery. 
In the same way one "seasons" a cast iron frying pan, scientists have found a way to create a slippery coating, which can improve food safety while reducing bacterial contamination. 
Complementary medicine ranges from authentic stress-relieving massage to well-meaning (but expensive) placebo, to outright spurious healing claims. Researchers decided to study its impact on patients with curable cancers.
Disgust is an emotional cue, and it helps us avoid situations fraught with disease. Are we responding to how infectious diseases are transmitted, or how they appear?
For fair-skinned folks, the results of a new study can be taken as some worthy advice: applying sunscreen alone doesn't provide enough protection from sunburn. Instead, multiple protection methods are needed for those with pale skin to keep the threat of skin cancer at bay. That's the summer takeaway message from researchers at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Maryland, after analyzing over 28,500 responses from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey. Of those, among the replies from roughly 16,000 who considered themselves fair or sun-sensitive, 62 percent who say they applied sunscreen – and took no other protective measures – had the highest incidence of sunburn.